In the pursuit of seamless user experiences, a pivotal question that often arises is whether designers should prioritize the mobile experience above all else. In the ever-evolving landscape of UX/UI design, the principles of Graceful Degradation and Progressive Advancement have emerged as opposing approaches to crafting user-centric interfaces. In this article, I’ll explore the benefits, considerations, and strategic nuances that guide designers in making the best choices for their projects.

Graceful Degradation: Starting Complex, Adapting for Simplicity

The Graceful Degradation approach commences design from a more advanced perspective, often targeting desktop platforms. Designers create a feature-rich version with comprehensive functionalities, and then adapt it for compatibility with mobile devices by trimming certain elements. While this approach emphasizes preserving the original complexity, it may lead to challenges in ensuring a seamless transition to mobile platforms without sacrificing essential user experiences.

Progressive Advancement: Building from Simplicity to Complexity

Progressive Advancement, a strategy gaining prominence, involves crafting a product’s foundation for the most basic platform, such as a mobile device. This initial version comprises fundamental functions and features, ensuring a seamless experience even under limited conditions. Subsequently, the design is enhanced step by step, adding interactions, intricate effects, and more, as the platform’s capabilities expand. This method optimizes user experience by prioritizing core elements before layering advanced functionalities.

Designing with this approach also acknowledges the constraints of mobile platforms, enabling designers to discern the essence of a product. By addressing limitations in bandwidth, screen size, and other factors, designers craft lean, focused, and efficient designs for mobile. As the platform expands to tablets and desktops, the unique strengths of these advanced ends can be harnessed to incrementally enhance the product, resulting in a coherent and user-centric design progression.

“Mobile First”: The Epitome of Progressive Advancement

The principle of “Mobile First” embodies the essence of Progressive Advancement. By commencing design from the mobile perspective, where restrictions necessitate prioritization, designers naturally distil a product to its core functionalities. This approach empowers them to create streamlined and intuitive designs that flourish under the limitations of mobile devices. As the design journey unfolds, the addition of features tailored to larger screens becomes a seamless progression, aligning harmoniously with the concept of Progressive Advancement.

The Evolution of Mobile Traffic: A Decade of Transformation

The past ten years have witnessed a seismic shift in global web traffic dynamics, with mobile devices taking centre stage. In May 2023, an impressive 51.52% of web traffic originated from mobile phones, signifying a remarkable increase. Notably, the average for 2023 thus far has surged even higher, standing at 56.86%.

This shift is even more striking when we cast our minds back to 2012 when a mere 10.88% of web traffic came from mobile phones. Just five years later, in 2017, this percentage skyrocketed five-fold to 54.09%, underscoring the rapid and pervasive adoption of mobile browsing.

When compared to traditional desktop web browsing and mobile-optimized websites, mobile apps also exhibit substantially higher engagement rates. Statistics from 2018 indicate that mobile apps boast conversion rates that are 100-300% higher.

Between 2016 and today, we have seen an almost full shift by Google to mobile-first indexing. By March 2021, Google will have switched all websites from desktop-first to mobile-first indexing, meaning they primarily use the mobile version of the webpage for ranking and indexing purposes.

Does this all mean that mobile-first is always the best approach? Not necessarily. When it comes to prioritizing end devices, your choice should also depend on your target group.

Understanding Target Audience Habits

Device usage is still varying across different age and gender groups. As of the third quarter of 2022, research revealed that nearly 74% of men aged 55 to 64 used laptop or desktop computers for online activities. In contrast, women within the same age group exhibited a lower propensity for computer usage, with approximately 64% relying on these devices. The survey showed that the usage of computers was lower among younger age brackets.

Geographic Influence on Device Usage

The geographic proximity of your target audience can also hold substantial sway over device preferences. For instance, South America showcases a balanced split between mobile and desktop usage, with mobile accounting for 50% of traffic and desktop usage standing close at 49%. In contrast across European desktop devices still drive most of the traffic at nearly 51%, and mobile usage closely trails at 46%. Notably, the surge in mobile traffic is evident in Western Europe, where mobile data usage has surged by a remarkable 569% since 2016.

Synthesizing Insights for Optimal Design

Synthesizing these insights into your design strategy is pivotal for creating experiences that resonate with your target audience. If your audience predominantly consists of older individuals who favour desktop usage, prioritizing a Progressive Advancement strategy with a focus on desktop compatibility may be wise. Conversely, if your user base skews toward a younger demographic with a strong affinity for mobile devices, embracing a Mobile-First approach aligns more naturally.


In the realm of UX/UI design, the question of whether to prioritize the mobile experience demands thoughtful analysis. The mobile landscape is undeniably transformative, revolutionizing how users interact with digital content. While the mobile-first approach provides a solid foundation for creating user-centric designs, it’s essential to remember that the optimal path aligns with the characteristics and preferences of your target audience. At The Cecily Group, we are committed to finding the best approaches for our projects, and we would like to help entrepreneurs to do the same. You can learn more about our holistic approach to entrepreneurship and the Entrepreneurial Tool here.